Science in the Public Service (C-3)


Science in the Public Service (C-3)


"In sum, we need a model where there is more scientific knowledge deployed across government, and more knowledge of government and public policy in our science and engineering communities."  - Janet Napolitano, United States Secretary of Homeland Security

Creating innovation in science that benefits the community and helps to increase the publics’ safety and well-being demonstrates the importance of science in the public service.  More involvement of science in the public service can help to make the delivery of public goods and services more efficient. Every tax payer would welcome a public service with high quality delivery processes and products. A lot of research and development takes place in the expected areas, for example, medicine and space travel, but science in the public service also applies to environmental conservation and food safety.
The United States government has three major agencies mandated to endure food safety. They are: the Food and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, the United States Food and Drug Administration, and the Center for Disease Control and Preservation. These agencies are responsible for setting food safety standards, conducting inspections, ensuring that standards are met and maintaining a strong enforcement program to induce compliance. Contemporary policy development supported by the three government agencies has been focused on preventative, rather than reactive measures. The Food and Drug Safety Modernization Act (2011), for example, aims to ensure that food is safe by working to prevent its contamination.
Methods being used to implement the Food and Drug Safety Modernization Act include greater collaboration between the experts and the field workers who do inspections to monitor safe food production processes. The emphasis is on food safety, rather on documenting noncompliance.

Collection Items

Rudolf Jaenisch
Rudolf Jaenisch (born 22 April 1942) is a Professor of Biology at MIT and a founding member of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research. He is a pioneer of transgenic science, in which an animals genetic makeup is altered. Jaenisch has focused…

Herbert Boyer
Herbert Wayne "Herb" Boyer (born July 10, 1936) is a researcher and entrepreneur in biotechnology. Along with Stanley N. Cohen and Paul Berg he discovered a method to coax bacteria into producing foreign proteins, thereby jump starting the field of…

Carl L. Alsberg
Carl L. Alsberg (April 2, 1877 October 31, 1940) was an American chemist who served as Commissioner of Food and Drugs from 1912 to 1921. After teaching at Harvard University, Alsberg went to work for the U.S. government in 1908, and within a few…

FDA History - Sure Cure Cartoon
This political cartoon pays homage to Bureau of Chemistry Chief Chemist Harvey Wiley who led the fight to institute a federal law to prohibit adulterated and mis-branded food and drugs, which President Theodore Roosevelt signed in 1906 as the Pure…

Great Seal of the United States
The United States Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA) amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. This act is related to the regulation of food, drugs, devices, and biological products by the FDA. These changes were…

Examining New Drug Applications
Medical Officer Alexander Fleming, M. D., examines a portion of a 240-volume new drug application around the late 1980s. Applications grew considerably after the efficacy mandate under the 1962 Drug Amendments.

Portrait of Dr. Harvey W. Wiley
Harvey Washington Wiley (October 30, 1844, Kent, Indiana - June 30, 1930, Washington, D.C.) was a noted chemist involved with the passage of the landmark Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. Wiley was offered the position of Chief Chemist in the United…

Main Building of the Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
The Department of Agriculture Building was the original headquarters of the United States Department of Agriculture located on the National Mall between 12th and 14th Street SW in Washington, D.C. after its creation in 1862. It was first occupied in…

Harvey Wiley, Chief Chemist of the Department of Agriculture's Division of Chemistry
Harvey Wiley, Chief Chemist of the Department of Agricultures Division of Chemistry (third from the right) with his staff, not long after he joined the division in 1883. Wileys scientific expertise and political skills were a key to passage of the…

Obama signs FSMA into Law
Obama signs FSMA into Law. The law grants the FDA a number of new powers, including mandatory recall authority, which the agency has sought for many years. The FSMA requires the FDA to undertake more than a dozen rulemakings and issue at least 10…
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